La energía como motor principal de la política exterior de Catar

Gawdat Bahgat

Resumen


Catar es uno de los países más pequeños del mundo, con cerca de un cuarto de millón de población autóctona. A pesar de estas limitaciones geográficas y demográficas, Doha se ha establecido como un jugador principal en las escenas regional e internacional. Una medida fundamental tras este ascenso es la acumulación de los enormes beneficios generados por el petróleo y el gas natural. Este artículo examina el papel que los activos relacionados con los hidrocarburos han jugado en las transformaciones interna y externa de la política de Catar y las estrategias propuestas para mitigar el impacto de la fuerte caída del precio del petróleo desde junio de 2014.


Palabras clave


Catar; política exterior; combustibles fósiles; gas natural licuado (GNL); gas de esquisto; exportación de energía; diversificación; Fondo Soberano de Inversión de Catar

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14422/cir.i05.y2016.002

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