La Gran Depresión y el COVID-19

Análisis comparativo de las crisis de 1929 y 2020

  • Miguel Cortés Cenalmor
Palabras clave: crisis, economía, Gran Depresión, New Deal, keynesianismo, COVID-19, pandemia, recuperación económica, democracia liberal

Resumen

La finalidad principal de este artículo es establecer un análisis comparativo entre la Gran Depresión, que tuvo lugar después del Crack de la bolsa de 1929, y la recesión económica generada por la pandemia de COVID-19. En la primera parte del artículo, se examinan las causas y antecedentes que provocaron la depresión económica mundial en los años treinta, así como el impacto global de la crisis y las políticas adoptadas por los diferentes gobiernos del mundo, prestando especial atención al New Deal de los Estados Unidos. Además, se analizan las principales implicaciones políticas que la Gran Depresión acarreó, centrándonos en el rol de la depresión en el éxito internacional del keynesianismo y el auge del nazismo en Alemania.

En la segunda parte, se analiza el impacto socioeconómico de la pandemia y las medidas de contención del virus a nivel mundial, como el distanciamiento social o los confinamientos domiciliarios, así como la efectividad de las políticas sociales y los planes de retención de empleo empleados para salvaguardar el empleo y proteger la economía. De este modo, se argumenta la existencia de determinadas similitudes/diferencias entre ambas crisis. Por último, el artículo finaliza con una reflexión sobre las posibles consecuencias políticas que los acontecimientos vividos durante el 2020 podrían augurar para el futuro de la democracia liberal.

Biografía del autor/a

Miguel Cortés Cenalmor

Alumni Universidad Pontificia Comillas

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Publicado
2021-12-15
Cómo citar
Cortés Cenalmor, M. (2021). La Gran Depresión y el COVID-19: Análisis comparativo de las crisis de 1929 y 2020. Comillas Journal of International Relations, (22), 01-28. https://doi.org/10.14422/cir.i22.y2021.001