La ola autoritaria y el extremismo en el mundo durante la pandemia de COVID-19

Palabras clave: autoritarismo, extremismo, nacionalismo, COVID-19, gobernanza, seguridad nacional

Resumen

La actual pandemia de COVID-19 ha tenido impactos económicos, políticos y sociales en el mundo. Sin embargo, la actual crisis sanitaria ha traído consigo otra pandemia: una ola creciente de autoritarismo y extremismo en muchas sociedades. Factores como crisis económicas, humanitarias o sociopolíticas han detonado polarización y malestar social, mientras que movimientos políticos han aprovechado estas crisis para llegar al poder o avanzar en sus agendas políticas. La crisis sanitaria no hizo más que agravar la deriva autoritaria ya existente mientras que los grupos extremistas han aprovechado la actividad y conectividad en línea de las personas confinadas para atraer a más seguidores y tomar acciones violentas a través de las redes sociales. Si crece la ampliación del poder y la autonomía de los Estados-nación durante la pandemia de COVID-19, junto con pocos contrapesos al interior, existen riesgos de efectos duraderos para la privacidad, la seguridad y la democracia de todos los países.

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Publicado
2021-12-14
Cómo citar
Moreno Valencia, R. (2021). La ola autoritaria y el extremismo en el mundo durante la pandemia de COVID-19. Comillas Journal of International Relations, (22), 54-66. https://doi.org/10.14422/cir.i22.y2021.004