Los canadienses y el recuerdo de la Primera Guerra Mundial: cien años después

Patrick H. Brennan

Resumen


Pese a los resultados de una encuesta reciente que mostraban que un cuarenta por ciento de los canadienses no conocían el papel que su país jugó en el conflicto, los recuerdos de la Gran Guerra, reales y fabricados, continúan dando forma a la percepción canadiense de sí misma. Tal y como sucedió durante la guerra, las «dos soledades» (los hablantes de inglés y de francés) ven las cosas de distinto modo. El mito de la creación «el nacimiento de una nación» se mantiene como dogma para la mayoría angloparlante, y asegura que el conocimiento de la guerra (una guerra «buena» a pesar de una atroz pérdida de vidas) se centra exclusivamente en su impacto sobre la identidad canadiense. Igualmente de miras estrechas a la guerra Quebequense que se define por su victimización (a través del servicio militar obligatorio) por los excesos coloniales de sus conciudadanos. Asimismo, al menos entre los angloparlantes, la guerra se invoca en los debates sobre la identidad nacional e internacional de Canadá, en los que los defensores de una «Canadá Guerrera» orgullosa de su historia militar y de la tradición de la defensa enérgica de la «libertad» horrorizan y a su vez se horrorizan de los defensores de la interpretación del «Reino Pacífico». Dentro de este contemporáneo conflicto de ideologías la Primera Guerra Mundial constituye un apoyo histórico para ambas partes –un momento dorado ennoblecido por el sacrificio o una tragedia en la que se puede respetar el sacrificio pero no el enfrentamiento o su utilidad.


Palabras clave


Canadá; Primera Guerra Mundial; identidad nacional; militarismo; recuerdo

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14422/cir.i02.y2015.001

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