La conmemoración británica del centenario de la Primera Guerra Mundial

Edward M. Spiers

Resumen


Este artículo repasa las medidas y evolución de la planificación británica para conmemorar la Primera Guerra Mundial. En él se pone de relieve el hecho de que cualquier comentario sobre esta guerra en Gran Bretaña debe tener en cuenta las normas culturales predominantes. Estas normas han evolucionado a través de gran parte de la poesía, la literatura, el teatro o el cine del siglo pasado, y han pasado a representar la guerra como algo esencialmente vano, con una tremenda pérdida de vidas, que se conmemora mejor a través de los actos anuales de recuerdo por los caídos. Puesto que esta memoria nacional ha prestado escasa atención a tantos trabajos  escritos a lo largo de la última generación repasando la historia militar, los historiadores militares se encontraban entre los más escépticos cuando el gobierno del Reino Unido anunció de modo tardío planes (y niveles irrisorios de financiación gubernamental) para conmemorar la Primera Guerra mundial. Sin embargo, la Heritage Lottery Fund ha completado el vacío en la financiación con 57 millones de libras esterlinas, permitiendo que todo tipo de proyectos florezcan, tanto de importancia nacional, regional o local. A 4-5 de agosto de 2014 se habían celebrado más de 2.330 acontecimientos  incluyendo 519 exhibiciones y múltiples acontecimientos señalaron el estallido de la guerra. Las amapolas fueron de nuevo lo más destacado, en particular las 800.000 amapolas de cerámica en la Torre de Londres, una por cada militar caído.


Palabras clave


memoria nacional; gobierno británico; recuerdo; Heritage Lottery Funding; amapolas

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14422/cir.i02.y2015.006

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