Call for Papers

Global Economic Issues

Comillas Journal of International Relations, a new publication adhering to the most rigorous academic standards, aspires to serve every sector of society in our global and often troubled world. 

 It is our hope that Comillas Journal of International Relations will also serve as an enlightening and formative learning tool for our students at the Universidad Pontificia Comillas, in particular for those studying one of the many International Relations degree options offered through the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences.

 Our aim is to create an influential journal, worthy of inclusion in the most prestigious Indices and Databases but, above all, our aim is to serve the University and the wider global community.

 


 


Deadline for abstracts: 25th January 2015

Deadline for full papers: 1st June 2015

Abstract submision: comillas_jir@upcomillas.es 

Publication: September 2015

Issue Editor: Prof. Dr. Ricardo Aguado. Universidad de Deusto


 



When Francis Fukuyama announced the end of history (Fukuyama, 1989), he was thinking mainly about the end of the ideological battle between liberal capitalism and communism. The Berlin Wall was dismantled and, very soon after that, the Soviet Union collapsed. Western liberal democracy, based on a market economy, emerged as the “final form of human government” (Fukuyama, 1989). Democracy, on the one hand and liberal capitalism on the other, were going to be the two pillars in which all nations would find their paths for development and growth in the future.

Fukuyama’s assumption has proven correct only in a partial way. International economic relations between developed democracies have increased. Complex economic (but also political and social) interdependence between those countries is being constructed under the two umbrellas of democracy and liberal capitalism. The European Union, albeit its manifold internal problems, , is one of the best examples of a growing partnership of nations that have decided to develop under the two aforementioned pillars: democracy and liberal capitalism. The US plus its two North American neighbours (Canada and Mexico) have also embarked on the same kind of project. In addition, a possible commercial alliance between the European Union and North America will strengthen this scenario.

On the other hand, Fukuyama’s prediction has proven partially wrong. Liberal capitalism has not converted into the only ideological force at world level. Moreover, its fragile hegemony is being contested by rising nations such as China and Russia. These two large countries may take advantage of global markets and capitalism, but they are far from being truly democratic, capitalist and liberal States. At the same time, the US is offering political support to its allies in the Asia-Pacific region, from India to Japan. All these countries, with limitations in some cases, are trying to build their way to economic growth based on democracy and liberal capitalism.

Nevertheless, the toughest resistance to the so-called “final form of human government” is coming from areas in which the form of government is based on religious fundamentalism. In this line, Samuel P. Huntington published his work (article and book) “The Clash of Civilizations” (Huntington, 1993) in which he proposes cultural differences as possible sources of future conflicts. It seems that these two visions alone cannot explain the wide variety of conflicts that the world is experiencing at the regional and global levels. Many of those conflicts are fuelled by economic variables and all of them will have economic consequences.

At the level of the firm (microeconomic level), the economic crisis that is taking place mainly in developed economies (with a higher intensity in the EU and Japan) is also affecting the very concept of the firm and its role in this globalized society. Some academics have stated that this role must shift from profit maximization towards stakeholder engagement and community beneficiation (Porter and Kramer, 2011). Competitive corporations and firms in the post crisis international scenario will achieve profitability as a consequence of serving first the necessities of all stakeholders (including shareholders) and also as a consequence of making a positive contribution to society and the planet. On the other hand, corporations and firms that still keep a business model based on exploitation and short term profit maximization will be incrementally marginalized by investors, governments, customers and the public because they would be considered as non-sustainable entities. Moreover, other academics are defending the idea that corporations in this globalized economy should protect and enhance human dignity and social wellbeing while they are proceeding with their normal activities (Pirson, 2014). In this way, corporations and firms will be responsible economic actors, making a net positive contribution to economic, social and environmental sustainability.

The efforts to build a peaceful community of nations at world level, with higher standards of living for all, social justice within and among countries and fair international economic relations have been the core activity of the United Nations system since it was created (UN, 1948). In recent years, the UN has created one initiative (the Global Compact) that tries to boost the social and environmental sustainability of companies around the world. Linked to this project, the UN has also supported the PRME initiative, which tries to extend to business schools and business education in general the ideas of human dignity and social wellbeing as key elements inside competitive and world-class corporations (Voegtlin and Pless, 2014). Those efforts are shared by many other international organisations, which are embracing a wider economic paradigm in which competitiveness is linked with sustainability and social wellbeing (WEF, 2013) (OECD, 2014). Catholic Social Teaching, since the first encyclical devoted specifically to this issue (), has insisted on the necessity of developing an economic system based on justice, freedom and fair international relations. In the last encyclical of Benedict XVI (Benedict XVI, 2009) and in the first documents written by the new Pope Francis this core idea is addressed again (Francis, 2014).

 

The main topics for this issue of Comillas Journal of International Relations are the following:

 

  • International Economic Integration
  • The transatlantic relation between Europe and the US
  • International Policy Issues linked to economics
  • Business Diplomacy
  • The role of the UN system in shaping international relations and the economy
  • UN agencies and programs linked with businesses and development
  • International Economic Associations (EU, NAFTA, Mercosur, APEC, ...)
  • A new role for the firm in the post crisis and globalized economy of the 20th century
  • Sustainability, development and economic growth
  • Catholic Social Teaching

 

Bibliography

Benedict XVI (2009): Caritas in veritate. www.papalencyclicals.net. Consulted on: 10/01/2014.

Francis (2009): Evangelii Gaudium. www.papalencyclicals.net. Consulted on: 10/01/2014.

Fukuyama, F. (1989): “The End of History” National Interest, nº 16, pp. 3-18

Huntington, S. (1993): “The Clash of Civilizations?” Foreign Affairs 72:3, pp. 22-49

OECD (2014): Better Life Index 2014: Definitions and Metadata. Paris: OECD.

 Pirson, M. (2014): “Reconnecting Management Theory and Social Welfare: A Humanistic Perspective”. Academy of Management Proceedings, 2014.

 Porter, M.E. and M.R. Kramer (2011): “Creating Shared Value: How to reinvent capitalism and unleash a wave of innovation and growth”. Harvard Business Review, 89 (1-2), 62-77.

 United Nations-UN (1948): The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/history.shtml. Consulted on 10/12/2014

Voegtlin, C. and N.M. Pless (2014): “Global Governance: CSR and the Role of the UN Global Compact”, Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 122, No. 2, pp. 179-191.

World Economic Forum (WEF) (2013): The Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014. Geneva: WEF.

 

Submission and presentation of originals

 

  • Texts must always be submitted via the OJS platform of Comillas Journal of International Relations, through which, and without exception, all communication between the Journal and authors will take place.
  • All submitted texts will always be original work that has neither been previously published nor is in the process of publication or review in another journal or any other type of publication.
  • Contributions will include a separate cover page with the following information: Title of the article in both Spanish and English; Author details (name, surname, membership of any relevant organizations, personal and work address, telephone number, Tax ID No. /Passport, email).
  • All articles must be accompanied by a brief summary or abstract of the work (no more than 150 words) and a set of keywords (no more than five). The title of the article, the summary and the keywords must be in both Spanish and English.
  • The critical apparatus, style and general design of the texts sent to the Journal will comply with the APA Style. Authors can find a guide to this style at the following link: http://www.apastyle.org/learn/tutorials/basics-tutorial.aspx
  • Authors must be able to prove they have been granted the necessary authorizations to use any photographs and graphics taken from other sources, and must provide all information required for them to be properly referenced.
  • If an article is accepted for publication, the proofs will be sent to the author and must be returned to the Journal within a maximum of 15 days.

 

Review and acceptance

 

  • In order to guarantee impartiality in the selection of articles, all contributions will be sent in anonymous form to two external reviewers, following the double-blind system. In the event that one of the reviews is unfavorable, a third opinion will be sought.
  • The author will be sent a reasoned answer of the final decision within a maximum of six months. In the event of being accepted, the article will be published within one year of being submitted, although this period may vary depending on the Journal's schedule.
  • The reviewers will always provide reasons for their opinion, indicating whether the original should be accepted as is, should be revised in line with the reviewers' corrections and suggestions or if the reviewed work should be rejected.
  • The Journal's Board of Editors will always have the final say on which articles are published, bearing in mind the opinions voiced by the external reviewers, and is responsible for informing authors of its decision.
  • By sending in their work, authors willing submit this work for review and assessment by the reviewers.
  • Authors are required to amend the final draft of their work according to the indications given by the reviewers. They must include all corrections and modifications classified as essential by said reviewers and, as far as possible, accommodate their suggestions as well. Where corrections of the original work are required, the contributor will have a maximum of two months in which to make the corrections, and resubmit the article.
  • Any originals that do not comply with Comillas Journal of International Relations guidelines for presentation and publication will be returned to their respective authors before being sent for external review. If this occurs, the author will have one week to add the missing information and/or make the required changes to their work. If the appropriate changes are not made, these articles will be rejected.
  • Before publication, the authors of all accepted work will grant Comillas Journal of International Relations all exploitation rights relating to said work.
  • Once accepted, the texts will become the intellectual property of Comillas Journal of International Relations and may only be reproduced, partially or totally, in accordance with the Creative Commons licence hold by the Journal.