Los conductores de Emprendimiento Innovación en el Sector Turismo: Emprendimiento, Conocimiento e Internacionalización

  • Inmaculada Carrasco Monteagudo Profesora Titular de Universidad Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha
  • María Soledad Castaño Martínez Profesora Contratada Doctor Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha
Palabras clave: innovación, internacionalización, actividad emprendedora, conocimiento, sector turístico, datos de panel, GEM


La innovación, la internacionalización, el conocimiento y la actividad emprendedora son variables altamente entrelazadas, como la literatura especializada ha mostrado en diferentes trabajos. Sin embargo, existe una laguna en los trabajos empíricos que se refiere a sectores concretos. No obstante, existen ciertos trabajos que analizan las características específicas del turismo. Este artículo trata de llenar este vacío, ofreciendo un estudio transversal países para el caso de los emprendedores del sector turístico, donde se han desarrollado modelos de datos de panel de efectos fijos con datos de Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) y una muestra de 17 países.



ACS, Z. and AUDRETSCH. D. B. (1990), Innovation and small Firms, MIT Press, Cambridge.

ACS, Z., ANSELIN, L. and VARGA, A. (2002), “Patents and innovations counts as measures of regional production of new knowledge”, Research Policy, núm. 31, pp. 1069-4085.

ACS, Z., D. B., AUDRETSCH, D. B. and FELDMAN M. (1994), “R&D spillovers and recipient firm size”, The Review of Economics and Statistics, núm. 76, pp. 336-340.

AFUAH, A. (1997), La dinámica de la Innovación Organizacional, Oxford University Press, México.

AHMED, P. K., LIM, K. K. and LOH, A. Y. (2002), Learning Through Knowledge Management, Butterworth Heinemann, Oxford.

ALDEBERT, B., DANG R. J. and LONGHI, C. (2011), “Innovation in the tourism industry: The case of Turism@”, Tourism Management, núm. 32, pp. 1204-1213.

AUDRETSCH, D. B. (1995), Innovation and industry evolution, MIT Press, Cambridge.

AUDRETSCH, D. B. (2005), “The Emergence of Entrepreneurial Economics”, in Research on Technological Innovation, Management and Policy, edited by Tsvi Vinig and Roel van der Voort, vol 9, pp. 37-54.

AUDRETSCH, D. B. and FRISCH, M. (2003), “Linking entrepreneurship to Growth: The Case of West of Germany”, Industry and Innovation, vol. 10, núm.1, pp. 65-73.

AUDRETSCH, D. B., KEILBACH, M. and LEHMAN. E. E. (2006), Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

BOSMA, N., ACS, Z., AUTIO, E., CODURAS, A. LEVIE, J. (2008), Global Entrepreneurship Monitor: 2008 Executive Report, London Business School, London.

BRUSH, C. G. et al. (2003), “Doctoral education in the field of entrepreneurship”, Journal of Management, vol. 29, núm. 3, pp. 309-331.

BUHALIS, D. and LAW, R. (2008), “Progress in information technology and tourism management: 20 years on and 10 years after the internet – the state of eTourism research”, Tourism Management, vol. 29, núm. 4, pp. 609-623.

CAMISÓN, C. and. MONFORT-MIR V. M. (2012), “Measuring innovation in tourism from the Schumpeterian and the dynamic capabilities perspectives”, Tourism Management, num 4, pp. 776-789

ROD C., SAVIOTTI, P. and WALSH, V. (1987), Economics and technological change, Rowman & Littlefield, Hong Kong.

COOPER, C. (2006) “Knowledge Management and Tourism”, Annals of Tourism Research, vol. 33, núm. 1, pp. 47-64.

COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION (2006), Strategic priorities for innovation action at EU level. Doc. 16253/06 2769th

COMPETITIVENESS (Internal Market, Industry and Research) Council meeting Brussels, 4 December 2006. http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_Data/docs/


ENZ, C. A., CANINA, L. and WALSH, K. (2006), Intellectual capital: A key driver of hotel performance. Report by Centre for Hospitality Research, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.

FROHMAN, A. L. (1982), “Technology as a competitive weapon”, Harvard Business Review, vol. 60, núm. 1, pp. 97-104.

FURMAN, J. L. PORTER, M. E., and STERN, S. (2002), “The determinants of national innovative capacity”, Research Policy, vol. 31, núm. 6, 2002, pp. 899-933.

GARTNER, W. B. (1990), “What are we talking about when we talk about entrepreneurship?”, Journal of Business Venturing, vol. 5, núm. 1, pp. 15-28.

GALINDO, M. A. and MÉNDEZ, M. T. (2008), “Emprendedores y objetivos de política económica”, Información Comercial Española, núm. 841, pp. 29-40.

GRILICHES, Z. (1990), “Patent statistics as economic indicators: a survey”, Journal of Economic Literature, vol. 28, núm. 4, pp. 92-116.

GROSSMAN, G. M. and HELPMAN. E. (1991), “Trade, knowledge spillovers and growth”, European Economic Review, núm. 35, pp. 517–526.

HADJIMANOLIS, A. (2000), “A resource-based view of innovativeness in small firms”, Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, vol. 12, núm. 2, pp. 263-281.

HALL, C. M. and WILLIAMS, A. M. (2008), Tourism innovation, Routledge, London.

HALLIN, C. A. and MARNBURG, E. (2007), “Knowledge management in the hospitality industry: A review of empirical research”, Tourism Management, vol. 29, núm. 2, pp. 366-381.

HJALAGER, A. M. (1997), “Innovation patterns in sustainable tourism- An analytical typology”, Tourism Management, vol. 18, núm.1, pp. 35-41.

HJALAGER, A. M. (2002), “Repairing innovation defectiveness in tourism”, Tourism Management, vol. 23, núm. 1, pp. 465-474.

HJALAGER, A. M. (2007), “Stages in the economic globalization of tourism”, Annals of Tourism Research, vol. 34, núm. 2, pp. 437-457.

HJALAGER, A. M. (2010), “A review of innovation research in tourism”, Tourism Management, vol. 31, núm. 1, pp. 1-12.

IRELAND, R. D., HITT, M. A. and SIMON, D. G. (2003), “A model of

strategic entrepreneurship: the construct and its dimensions”, Journal of Management, vol. 29, núm. 6, pp. 963-989.

KAFOUROS, M. I., BUCKLEY, P. J., SHARP, J. A. and WANG, C. (2008), “The role of internationalization in explaining innovation performance”, Technovation, vol. 28, núm. 1-2, pp. 63-74.

KOTABE, M., SRINIVASAN, S. S. and AULAKH, P. S. (2002), “Multinationality and firm performance: the moderating role of R&D and marketing capabilities”, Journal of International Business Studies, vol. 33, núm. 1, pp. 79-97.

LAWSON, B. and SAMSON, D. (2001), “Developing innovation capability in organizations: a dynamic capabilities approach”, International Journal of Innovation Management, vol. 5, núm. 3, pp. 377-400.

LERNER, M. and SIGAL, H. (2001), “Performance factors of small tourism ventures: The interface of tourism, entrepreneurship and the environment”, Journal of Business Venturing, vol. 16, núm. 1, pp. 77-100.

LI, L. (2008), “A review of entrepreneurship research published in the hospitality and tourism management journals”, Tourism Management, vol. 29, pp. 1013-1022.

MENKVELD, A. J. and THURIK, R. (1999), “Firm size and efficiency in Innovation: Reply”, Small Business Economics, vol. 12, núm. 1, pp. 97-101.

MILES, I. (1993), “Services in the New Industrial Economy”, Futures, vol. 25, núm. 6, pp. 653–672.

MILES, I. (2001), Services innovation: a reconfiguration of innovation studies. PREST discussion papers 01-05, University of Manchester. http://www.mbs.ac.uk/research/innovation/pubications-archive/documents/PRESTDP01-05.pdf. 20th February 2012.

MILES, I. (2008), “Patterns of innovation in service industries”, IBM Systems Journal, vol. 47, núm. 1, pp. 115-128.

MONFORT-MIR, V. M., and CAMISÓN-ZORNOZA, C. (2009), “Innovación en la empresa turística”, Primera Conferencia Internacional sobre la Medición y el Análisis Económico del Turismo Regional, Donostia, 27-28 mes, pp. 1-21. http://www.sansebastianconference.com/en/downloads/papers/s2/CentralPaper_VicenteMonfort_CesarCamison.pdf. 10th February 2012.

MORRISON, A. J. and ROTH, K. (1992), “A taxonomy of business-level strategies in global industries”, Strategic Management Journal, núm. 13, pp. 399-418.

NYBAKK, E. and HANSEN, E. (2008), “Entrepreneurial attitude, innovation and performance among Norwegian nature-based tourism enterprises”, Forest Policy and Economics, núm. 10, pp. 473-479.

NOVELLI M., SCHMITZ, B. and SPENCER, T. (2006), “Networks, clusters and innovation in tourism: A UK experience”, Tourism Management, vol. 27, núm. 6, pp. 1141-1152.

OECD (2005), Oslo manual: guidelines for collecting and interpreting innovation data. 3rd Edition. OECD, Paris.

PETERS, M. and PIKKEMAAT, B. (eds) (2006), Innovation in hospitality and tourism, The Haworth Hospitality Press, Binghamton, NY.

PIKKEMAAT, B. and PETERS, M. (2006), “Towards the measurement of innovation: A pilot study in the small and medium sized hotel industry”, in Mike Peters and Birgit Pikkemaat (ed.) Innovation in hospitality and tourism, edited by The Haworth Hospitality Press, Binghamton, NY, pp. 89-112.

PIKKEMAAT, B. and WEIERMAIR, K. (2007), “Innovation through cooperation in destinations: First results of an empirical study in Austria”, Anatolia: An International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research, vol. 18, núm.1, pp. 67-83.

POLANYI, M. (1958), Personal Knowledge Towards a Post Critical Philodophy. Routledge, London.

REYNOLDS, W., WILLIAMS, A. J., and SAVAGE, W. (1994), Your Own Business: A Practical Guide to Success, Thomas Nelson, Melbourne.

ROGERS, E. M. (1995), Diffusion of Innovations, The Free Press, New York.

RUSSELL, R. and FAULKNER, B. (1999), “Movers and shakers: chaos makers in tourism development”, Tourism Management, núm.20, pp. 411-423.

RUSSELL, R. and FAULKNER, B. (2004), “Entrepreneurship, chaos and the tourism area lifecycle”, Annals of tourism Research, vol.31, núm. 3, pp. 556-579

SHAW, G. and WILLIAMS, A. M. (2004), Tourism and tourism spaces, Sage, London.

SHAW, G. and WILLIAMS, A. M. (2009), “Knowledge transfer and management in tourism organizations: An emerging research agenda”, Tourism Management, vol. 30, núm. 3, pp. 325-335.

SCHUMPETER, J. A. (1934), The theory of economic development: An inquiry into profits, capital credit, interest and the business cycle, Harvard University Press, Cambridge MA.

VAN ARK, B., BROERSMA, L. and DEN HERTOG, P. (2003), “Services Innovation, Performance and Policy: A Review”, Directorate-General of Innovation, Ministry of Economic Affaires. The Hague, Research Series núm. 6.

VAN DE VEN, A. H., POLLEY, D. E., GARUD, R. and VENKATARAMAN, S. (1999), The Innovation Journey, Oxford University Press, New York.

VOLO, S. (2004), “Foundation for an innovation indicator for tourism”, in Peter Keller and Thomas Bieger, The future of small and medium sized enterprises in tourism edited by AIEST, St. Gallen, pp.361-376.

VOLO, S. (2005), “Tourism destination innovativeness”, Proceedings of the AIEST 55th Congress, Brainerd MN, USA: August, 28.

WELCH, J. F. (2001), “Timeless principles”, Executive Excellence, núm. 21, pp. 3-4.

WENNEKERS, S. and THURIK, R. (1999), “Linking entrepreneurship and economic growth”, Small Business Economics, vol. 13, núm. 1, pp. 27-55.

WIKLUND, J. (1999), “The sustainability of the entrepreneurial orientation-performance relationship”, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, vol. 24, núm. 1, pp. 37-48.

WILLIAMS, A. M. and SHAW, G. (2011), “Internationalization and innovation in tourism”, Annals of Tourism Research, vol. 38, núm.1, pp. 27-51.

WOOLDRIDGE, J. M. (2008), Introducción a la econometría: un enfoque moderno, Thomson, Madrid.

ZAHRA, S. A. and NIELSEN, A. P. (2002), “Sources of capabilities, integration and technology commercialization”, Strategic Management Journal, núm. 23, pp. 377-389.

XIAO, H. and SMITH, S. L. J. (2007), “The use of tourism knowledge. Research Propositions”, Annals of Tourism Research, vol. 34, núm. 2, Tourism Management, pp. 310-331.

Cómo citar
Carrasco Monteagudo, I., & Castaño Martínez, M. S. (1). Los conductores de Emprendimiento Innovación en el Sector Turismo: Emprendimiento, Conocimiento e Internacionalización. Icade. Revista De La Facultad De Derecho, (94), 11-29. https://doi.org/10.14422/icade.i94.y2015.001
Monográfico. Artículos