La diversidad en los equipos de trabajo: estudio de sus efectos y factores moderadores


  • Mª Pilar de Luis Carnicer Departamento de Economía y Dirección de Empresas, Universidad de Zaragoza
  • Ángel Martínez Sánchez Departamento de Economía y Dirección de Empresas, Universidad de Zaragoza
  • Manuela Pérez Pérez Departamento de Economía y Dirección de Empresas, Universidad de Zaragoza
  • Mª José Vela Jiménez

Palabras clave:

Equipos de trabajo, diversidad, categorización social.


En este trabajo se realiza una revisión de la literatura con el propósito de estudiar los efectos que la diversidad de los equipos de trabajo tienen sobre los resultados y actitudes organizacionales de los equipos. Algunos tipos de diversidad tienden a mejorar la creatividad e innovación del equipo, así como otros resultados como la productividad, en determinados contextos. En cuanto a las actitudes del equipo, la diversidad puede mejorar la moral del equipo pero dificultar su interacción social y cohesión, así como aumentar el grado de conflicto entre los miembros del mismo, cuyos efectos sobre la productividad y creatividad dependerá de la forma en que se gestione dicho conflicto. Estas relaciones son, en cualquier caso, complejas y están moderadas por una serie de factores: antigüedad del equipo, relaciones previas de los miembros del equipo, cultura organizacional, estilo de liderazgo, congruencia interpersonal, tipo de tarea y uso de las tecnologías de la información.


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Cómo citar

Luis Carnicer, M. P. de, Martínez Sánchez, Ángel, Pérez Pérez, M., & Vela Jiménez, M. J. (2016). La diversidad en los equipos de trabajo: estudio de sus efectos y factores moderadores. ICADE. Revista De La Facultad De Derecho, (62), 133–154. Recuperado a partir de



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