Trabajadores migrantes y activismo sindical en los márgenes: los centros de trabajadores como campo organizativo

Palabras clave: centros de trabajadores, sindicalismo comunitario, sindicatos, campo organizativo, trabajadores migrantes

Resumen

Los centros de trabajadores son organizaciones comunitarias que prestan servicios, intervienen políticamente a y movilizan a trabajadores de bajos salarios, principalmente migrantes, en Estados Unidos. El presente artículo analiza los centros de trabajadores como campo organizativo, prestando atención a los factores que originan tanto isomorfismo como heterogeneidad. A partir del estudio etnográfico llevado a cabo en el área metropolitana de Nueva York, se concluye que ante un contexto de segmentación del mercado de trabajo y de ausencia de implicación sindical en los mercados de trabajo secundarios, la respuesta de los trabajadores migrantes se ha concentrado en el desarrollo de formas organizativas propias que presentan como principal activo el recurso a la redes que se conforman y (re) crean para adaptarse. Asimismo, como campo organizativo, las redes entre estas organizaciones implican tanto colaboración como rivalidad. En este sentido, se identifican dos grandes modelos: uno que tiende a la institucionalización y otro que ponen énfasis en la acción directa en los lugares de trabajo.

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Publicado
2020-06-23
Cómo citar
Roca, B., & Martín Díaz, E. (2020). Trabajadores migrantes y activismo sindical en los márgenes: los centros de trabajadores como campo organizativo. Migraciones. Publicación Del Instituto Universitario De Estudios Sobre Migraciones, (49), 31-58. https://doi.org/10.14422/mig.i49.y2020.002
Sección
Estudios