La violación de las mujeres yazidíes: ¿un genocidio?

Un estudio acerca del crimen de violación como forma de genocidio en Derecho Penal Internacional


  • Paula Castellano San José Universidad Pontificia Comillas


Palabras clave:

violencia sexual, violación, Derecho Penal Internacional, EI, Yazidi, genocidio


La violación ha sido usada como un arma de guerra durante la historia de la humanidad. Con el establecimiento de la Corte Penal Internacional, dicho crimen fue incluido en el Estatuto de Roma, siendo reconocido internacionalmente como un crimen de guerra, de lesa humanidad y un modo de cometer genocidio. El Estado Islámico de Irak y Siria, en su guerra para establecer un califato, ha llevado a cabo una campaña de violencia sexual contra las mujeres de minorías religiosas como los Yazidíes. Este artículo examina la evolución de la definición de violación en Derecho Penal Internacional y aplica la definición actual a los crímenes cometidos por el EI. El estudio analiza los elementos del actus reus de genocidio y considera que las acciones llevadas a cabo por el EI contra los Yazidíes pueden calificarse como genocidio cometido mediante violación.


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Biografía del autor/a

Paula Castellano San José, Universidad Pontificia Comillas

Antigua alumna de la Universidad Pontificia Comillas ICAI-ICADE.

Graduada en Derecho y Relaciones Internacionales (E-5).


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Cómo citar

Castellano San José, P. (2020). La violación de las mujeres yazidíes: ¿un genocidio? : Un estudio acerca del crimen de violación como forma de genocidio en Derecho Penal Internacional. Comillas Journal of International Relations, (18), 50–71.