La rivalidad en los tiempos de pandemia: impacto del COVID-19 en el equilibrio de poder entre Estados Unidos y China

Palabras clave: Estados Unidos, China, COVID-19, equilibrio de poder, transición de poder

Resumen

A lo largo del año 2020, la humanidad presenció atónita la expansión del mayor brote pandémico en el último siglo. La crisis del coronavirus tendría trágicos resultados a nivel social y sanitario a lo largo del mundo, pero sus consecuencias van mucho más allá de estos dos ámbitos. En el campo de las relaciones internacionales, la pandemia ha afectado al equilibrio de poder entre Estados Unidos y China, cuya relación ya partía de una situación de creciente tensión. Mientras que el primero se vio incapaz de controlar la expansión del virus en su territorio, el segundo consiguió frenarla tras el desconcierto inicial. Con el objetivo de evaluar el impacto del COVID-19 en el equilibrio de poder entre ambas potencias, el artículo se centrará en tres áreas: poder económico, poder ideológico, y maniobrabilidad internacional. Los resultados muestran que China sale relativamente favorecida, pero también que Estados Unidos aún cuenta con oportunidades para preservar su liderazgo internacional.

Biografía del autor/a

Antonio José Pagán Sánchez

Estudiante de doctorado en Relaciones Internacionales en la Universidad de Nankai

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Publicado
2021-12-16
Cómo citar
Pagán Sánchez, A. J. (2021). La rivalidad en los tiempos de pandemia: impacto del COVID-19 en el equilibrio de poder entre Estados Unidos y China. Comillas Journal of International Relations, (22), 67-82. https://doi.org/10.14422/cir.i22.y2021.005