Afganistán pos-2014: las implicaciones para la estabilidad de la periferia meridional de Rusia

Tracey German

Resumen


Afganistán y la amplia región de Asia central constituyen parte del «punto sensible meridional» de Rusia, un término que subraya el sentido de vulnerabilidad que siente a lo largo de la frontera del Sur. Las preocupaciones rusas en seguridad en la región se centran en la inestabilidad transfronteriza, incluyendo la proliferación del extremismo religioso y el tráfico de drogas. Moscú está inquieta por la posibilidad de un mayor deterioro en la situación interna de Afganistán tras la retirada de las fuerzas internacionales en 2014, y por lo tanto ha tomado medidas para reforzar de diversos modos la seguridad tanto de Afganistán como de sus vecinos de Asia central. Este artículo analiza los conductores de la política rusa y valora sus percepciones sobre la amenaza y seguridad en la región, centrándose en particular en las implicaciones para Rusia del retiro de la operación internacional de estabilidad (ISAF) en Afganistán.


Palabras clave


Rusia, Asia central, ISAF, amenazas transnacionales a la seguridad, ayuda militar, Organización del Tratado de Seguridad Colectiva (OTSC)

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14422/cir.i03.y2015.004

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