El cliente: el verdadero agente del cambio en psicoterapia

Implicaciones para los psicoterapeutas

  • Elena Gismero-González Universidad Pontificia Comillas
Palabras clave: investigación en psicoterapia, resultados de la psicoterapia, relación terapéutica, factores del cliente, práctica basada en la evidencia


Las evidencias científicas no dejan lugar a dudas sobre el papel activo que las personas tienen en la gestión de sus acontecimientos vitales adversos y su capacidad de recuperación. Ocurre lo mismo con su papel protagonista en psicoterapia, donde todas las investigaciones sitúan al mal llamado «paciente» como el verdadero agente de cambio; el papel del terapeuta consiste en adaptar el tratamiento a las necesidades y características de sus clientes, así como crear el clima adecuado para movilizar sus competencias y recursos facilitando el cambio. La evidencia apoya una visión de la psicoterapia más ajustada a un modelo relacional colaborativo.


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